K C M Y Zionsville Times Sentinel LIFE & TIMES ...

Zionsville Times Sentinel
Wednesday, Jan. 3, 2007 B3
Cavalry reaches the front at last
Part VII of a series
was the home of Andrew Johnson, who
Carolina, and after a brief but savage lit-
heavy stone and move back and forth on
were ready to eat the last of their grub,
The Zionsville Times of May 23,
was elected vice-president in Abraham
tle engagement we returned to
a prescribed beat. He did not say what
which consisted of a fractional part of
1907, carried Charles Harmon’s report
Lincoln’s second term and who became
the punishment was for, nor did I ask
one hardtack and a small slice of meat
of the event he had anticipated since
president at the death of President
“We had with the army here a herd of
him, for I very well knew. In a short
to the man.
joining the cavalry. His company had
Lincoln. Here he had spent the greater
beef-cattle corralled near Greenville. I
time Lieut. Langsdale went away to
“After our happy greetings were over
finally reached the
part of his life, work-
think the most of these cattle had been
attend a court-martial and no sooner
I related my destitute condition. They
ing at the tailor’s
driven all the way from Ohio and
was he out of sight then Sergeant
said: ‘We will divide,’ and so they did,
We have edited his
trade. His dwelling
Indiana. As there was scant grazing and
Clever, who was left in command,
over my protest, dividing the ‘grub’ into
report of events only
house, which was a
a scarcity of feed many of them were
ordered me to drop the stone. It was not
four diminutive piles. We ate and acted
to shorten lengthy
very common frame,
reduced almost to a starving condition.
necessary to repeat the order.
as if we were at a sumptuous banquet.
paragraphs or to add
Joan P. Lyons
was pointed out to his
In order to economize in the beef sup-
“Gen. [Braxton] Bragg, who was
Many dainties and appetizing dishes
clarification in brack-
[us?] by the towns-
ply only those who seemed to have the
besieging our army at Chattanooga,
were, in imagination, passed around.
ets (Harmon frequent-
people. Mr. Johnson
shortest lease on life were butchered for
detached Gen. [James] Longstreet with
Forgetting for a time our distress in
ly uses parentheses).
was not at home. He
immediate consumption. Many of them
a strong force and sent him into eastern
extreme hunger, we talked of old times,
“After remaining a
had gone north for his
were without sufficient strength to get
Tennessee to capture Knoxville, which
of incidents of school days, of the good
few days at Cumberland Gap we were
up without assistance, but as long as
was held by forces under Gen.
things to eat at home, even extracting
again on our march to the front. Ten or
“We were now at the front at last. Our
there was life there was beef.
Burnside. This movement of the enemy
merriment out of our unfortunate condi-
twelve miles out we passed through a
camp was located near Greenville for
“The country was poor in agricultural
threatened our rear, so that we were
place called Tazwall [Tazewell] and,
nearly a month, but we were in active
products and perhaps no part of the
compelled to make a hasty retreat to
“The real food we ate amounted to no
from the many fresh ash piles and lone-
service of some sort every day. It was
army at any point was so unfavorably
Cumberland Gap.
more than two or three ordinary mouth-
ly chimneys there had been not long
the duty of the cavalry to locate the
situated for receiving supplies from the
“There were about 100 head of beef-
fuls, but it afforded a temporary relief.
since quite a little town here. A few
enemy and to observe his movements.
government than this army in eastern
cattle, previously referred to, that had in
There is much truth in the saying that
miles east of Tazwell we forded the
When we were sent out we were
some manner survived. Four men of our
‘Misery loves company.’ I cannot say
Clinch river for the first time. We ford-
expected to go till we found the enemy
“While at Greenville I violated mili-
company were detailed to drive these
that the fact that others were suffering
ed this river many times afterward, as
and to engage with them sufficient to
tary disciple by going to sleep on guard.
cattle on the retreat and, unfortunately, I
with hunger afforded me any pleasure,
well as the Holsten [Holston] and
enable us to judge of the size of their
I was one of a detail of three men one
was one of the four men. On this trip I
but when I knew that the whole army
French Broad.
forces. Or, as expressed in military
night to guard a pile of corn which our
suffered the most trying experience of
was in like condition it somehow gave
“I dreaded fording these rivers as
terms, we were to ‘feel the enemy.’ The
forage wagons had brought in for our
my whole service. The whole route was
new courage and determination.
much as I dreaded meeting the enemy.
sensation experienced by this sort of
horses. I went on guard at 10 o’clock. I
over a region that had been entirely
“On the fourth day we arrived at
The water was usually deep — often
feeling was not always pleasing or
stood guard for a while, but concluded I
stripped of everything in the way of
Cumberland Gap, delivered the cattle to
reaching the sides of the horses — but
could watch that pile of corn sitting
food and we were entirely out of gov-
the proper authorities and went to our
the chief danger lay in the character of
“The most notable expedition by our
upon it as well as standing by it.
ernment rations.
company, expecting to find a supply of
the river bed. The bed was of solid rock
company from this point was one in
Presently I discovered that it was more
“The first day with the cattle on the
rations there, but were disappointed.
which lay in strata at an angle of about
which we crossed the Smoky mountains
restful and pleasant to recline than to
retreat we ate a few little hard apples,
The company was eating parched corn.
45 degrees. The horses were compelled
into North Carolina. It was wild, moun-
sit. From a recline to a sleep was a mat-
but we felt after eating a few of those
A quantity of corn was found, taken to
to walk on the ragged edges or corners
tainous region all the way. In the dark-
ter of only a few minutes.
that we should have been in better con-
a mill and ground into meal. Then the
of the strata. There were sometimes
ness of the first night on this trip we ran
“There was a gang of hogs of the
dition if we had not eaten them. The
fare was corn bread and blue beef. This
deep crevices between the layers of
into some pickets who fired upon us.
razorback sort known to be in a woods
rear guard was urging us to make better
condition prevailed for nearly two
rock, which was the frequent cause of
We returned the fire and were just about
nearby. The man whom I should have
speed. The third day we failed to find
weeks, when a wagon train of coffee,
horse and rider taking a plunge beneath
to bring on an engagement with what
called at midnight awoke after daylight
anything to eat. That night we stopped
sugar, rice, fat bacon and hardtack were
the water. To unhorse in the middle of
we supposed to be a small body of the
and came to the pile of corn to discover
near an infantry regiment. I went into
appreciated as never before.
one of these rivers was a very undesir-
enemy when it was discovered that they
what was the trouble. He found me
their camp to ascertain who they were
“It may be a matter of wonder to
able condition on account of the quanti-
were Union soldiers. They were the 2d
lying there sound asleep. The hogs had
and whether or not they had any rations.
some why we suffered with extreme
ty of war materials attached to our bod-
and 3d North Carolina regiment.
been eating corn nearly all night and
“To my surprise I found it to be an
hunger for four long days along with a
“There were many Union people in
had even rooted the ears from under my
Indiana regiment, in which was a com-
drove of beef cattle. I have wondered
“After crossing the Clinch mountains
eastern Tennessee and western North
sleeping body. I was ordered to report at
pany containing three of my school-
over the same matter myself. We cer-
through Bull’s Gaps [Bulls Gap] our
Carolina. These regiments had been
company headquarters and when I
mates. They were Dave Shaw, John
tainly would have killed a beef before
route lay in the direction of Greenville,
organized and were on their way to join
appeared before First Lieutenant
Irick and Jasper Phillips. I found these
starving to death.”
which town we reached, after fording
the Union army. We found the enemy in
Langsdale, who was in command of the
three schoolmates sitting around a fire.
Next week: Charles Harmon becomes
the Holsten river, Oct. 6th. Greenville
force just over the line in North
company, he ordered me to shoulder a
They had emptied their haversacks and
acquainted with the “gray-back.”
No Hassle Christmas
Tree Removal
(317) 769-3665
Start your New Year with
a great new way to save!

Select Savings delivers an amazing
rate and the financial flexibility
you need to yield the most
on your money.
Store your Christmas
Decorations at
OUR House!
Select from our 12 unit sizes
(as small as 5’ x 5’)
Zionsville 385 S Main St 733-6201 • Downtown 101 W Ohio St 693-2552 • Fishers 9765 E 116th St 596-8400
Carmel 1430 S Rangeline Rd 705-7700 • Greenwood East 4950 E County Line Rd 859-2580
Greenwood 900 S State Road 135 885-3305 • Geist 9901 Fall Creek 841-1600 • 96th & Gray Rd 4805 E 96th St 818-8835
Clay Terrace 14179 Clay Terrace Blvd Suite 160 208-6200 • Broad Ripple 6135 N College Ave 254-6300
Resolve to open your account today.
All you need is an Old National checking account and a Check Card to get in on this
special, limited-time Happy New Yield offer! See us or call 1-800-731-BANK today.
Member FDIC
1Select Savings requires $50 to open and is exclusively available to clients who have or open an Old National checking and check card
Call us at
(subject to credit approval). Business, institutional and public funds are ineligible for advertised annual percentage yield (APY).
Introductory APY is accurate as of December 5, 2006 and is good through April 1, 2007 on all balances, may vary by market and is available
to accounts opened through April 1, 2007. After introductory period, rates vary at our discretion, may vary by market and are tied to the
following tiers: less than $9,999.99, $10,000.00-$24,999.99, $25,000.00-$49,999.99, $50,000.00-$74,999.99, $75,000.00-$99,999.99,
$100,000 or more. Minimum balance of $300 required to avoid monthly charges of $4, plus $2 per debit item over three. If account closes
within 180 days, a $25 fee is assessed. Fees may reduce earnings.